In January 1915 Britain experienced its first aerial attacks. Two zeppelin airships dropped bombs on the coastal towns of Great Yarmouth and Kings Lynn killing two people. This was the first of hundreds of aerial attacks on Britain by Germany, using both airships and bomber aircraft and introduced a new threat to civilians in wartime.

1915 also saw changes for women in Britain. The need for more people to work in munitions factories led to thousands of women going to work for the first time.