Mesopotamia

In 1917 General Maude renewed the advance up the Tigris River. In February he successfully attacked Kut el Amara and by March was advancing on Baghdad. He launched a diversionary attack that sent the Turks off in the wrong direction and as a result they had to abandon the defences outside the city. Maude entered the city and took 9,000 Turkish prisoners. He promised that Britain would not force restrictions on the Arab people of Baghdad or try to control how they lived their lives.

"our armies do not come into your cities and lands as conquerors or enemies, but as liberators".

General Frederick Maude did not survive the war. He died in December 1917 of cholera caught from drinking contaminated milk. He was buried just outside Baghdad.

The funeral of General Maude, who captured Baghdad.